Iranian Love Day or Sepandar Mazgan, which is also known as Espandar Maz or Esfandgan, is a day that is known as Valentine’s Day. But obviously with an older history rather than Valentine’s Day, which was specific to the ancient Iranians. On this day the memory of women and the earth is celebrated.
What day is Sepandar Mazgan?
Although there are still different opinions about the exact time of this day, the exact date of Sepandar Mazgan in ancient Iran was the 5th of Esfand Month, which should be kept in mind that in the Iranian old calendar, months of the year were all 30 days.
In the new Iranian calendar, because the first 6 months of the year are 31 days, some believe that this day should be celebrated on the 29th of Bahman.
But some can still believe the name of Spandegan, is the name of the fifth day of Esfand and should be celebrated in the same month. However, it seems that most Iranians celebrate the 29th of Bahman to congratulate this day.
What is the celebration of Espadana?
Esfandegan or Esparan (Sepandar Mazgan) is one of the Iranian celebrations that is held on the fifth day of Esfand. Abu Rihan al-Biruni mentions in the rest of the works that the ancient Iranians considered the fifth of Esfand as the day of honoring women and the earth.
Today, Zoroastrians celebrate it on the day of Esfand (Sepandarmaz – the fifth day) of Esfand (Sepandarmaz) equal to the twenty-ninth of Bahman in today’s solar calendar.
Most researchers (including professors: Ebrahim Pourdavood, Jalil Dostkhah, Reza Moradi Ghiasabadi, and Parviz Rajabi) consider the exact time of this celebration to be the 5th of Esfand and consider it to be wrong the new innovations in its transfer it to 19 of February.
The Persian word “Esfand”: In modern Persian, it is derived from the Pahlavi word “Spandarmet-Spandarmat” and the Avestan word “SpentaArmaiti-SpentaArmaiti”.
What does Sepandar Mazgan mean?
In various Iranian calendars, in addition to the names of the months, each day of the month also has a name. For example, the first day of each month is “Ormazd Day”, the second day of each month is Bahman (health, thought) which is the first attribute of God, the third day of each month in May, which means “the best truth and purity” which is one of the attributes of God, the day. The fourth of each month, Shahrivar, means “ideal kingdom and rule” which is specific to God, and the fifth day of each month is “Sepandarmaz”.
Sepandar Mazgan is the national title of the earth. It means spreading, holy, humble. The earth is a symbol of love because it loves everyone with humility, humility, and forgiveness. For this reason, in ancient culture, Espandar Mazgan was considered a symbol of motherhood and fertility. Once a month, the name of the day and the month become one, and on the same day that the name coincides with the name of the month, they celebrate with the name of that day and month. For example, the sixteenth day of each month was called “Mehr” and in the month of Mehr, it was called “Mehregan” and we see how each celebration creates happiness for people with its meaning and meaning.
The day of Aban in the month of Aban is the celebration of “Abangan” which means the celebration of water praise and the day of Azar in the month of Azar is the celebration of “Azargan” which means the celebration of fire praise and also the fifth day of the twelfth month (March) was called “Sepandarmaz” or “Esfandar Maz”. They were celebrating with the same title.
“Sepandar Mazgan” is the day of women and the earth. The fifth day of Esfand is known in all Iranian calendars as the day of the celebration of Espandar Mazgan.