Rudkhan Castle, Rudkhan Fortress, or Hesami Castle is the name of a castle belonging to the Sassanid Empire period, which was built on top of the forest heights 30 kilometers from Foman city in Rudkhan village. The direct distance from the castle to the city of Makluan is 25 km, to Masuleh 45 km, and to Shaft 20 km. But from the main road and asphalt, the distance from the castle to Foman is 25 km. This castle is located at an altitude between 665 and 715 meters above sea level, and a river with the same name flows next to it.
Rudkhan Castle was undoubtedly one of the most giant and invincible castles in the history of ancient Iran, but unfortunately, only 10% of the building has been restored and the rest has not been rebuilt. This castle and fortress with historical value, according to its structure, architecture, and strategic and combat features, was registered in the list of historical and national monuments on August 30, 1354.
The native and Gilki name of this fort is “Rokhan Qala” and because this historical fort was built next to the mentioned river; It is called a river castle. This castle has also been called Hazar Pele, Hesami, Seksar, Segsar, and Segsal castle in different periods. This castle is one of the most important and most beautiful tourist centers of Foman city. Every year, many tourists from home and abroad visit this historical castle and climb about 1,600 steps to reach the height of this beauty and enjoy watching this nature and historical building. to take
Characteristics and history of Rudkhan Castle
Rudkhan Castle has an area of 26 hectares, 65 towers and ramparts, and a wall 1500 meters long. Some experts believe that the construction of the castle belongs to the Sassanid era and coincides with the Arab invasion of Iran. On the inscription at the entrance of the castle, which is now kept in the Rasht Treasure Museum, it is written that this castle was rebuilt in 918-921 AH for Sultan Hossamuddin, the ruler of “Beypas”. 40 watchtowers surround the castle, whose octagonal rooms are covered with dome arches. All around the walls and towers, there are sloping openings that are built for pouring molten materials and shooting. It should be noted that throughout the castle’s history, no enemy has ever penetrated it and failed to conquer it. During the Seljuk period, this castle was rebuilt and was one of the fighting bases of the Ismailis of Alamut.
Rudkhan Castle consists of two parts, the citadel, and the fort. The citadel is located in the western part of the building on two floors and is made of brick. The houses in the eastern part are on two floors with many skylights and openings dominating the surroundings. There is also a spring between the castle and its deepest place.
The eastern part of the castle includes twelve entrances, a prison, an emergency door, a bath, and a waterhole. The western part has twelve entrances, a spring, a pond, a reservoir, a cold room, a bath, a reservoir, a palace, and some residential units surrounded by a tower and a rampart are the other buildings of this part. All around the walls and towers, there are sloping openings that are built for pouring molten materials and shooting.